This tutorial will guide you through using OnyX, an excellent system maintenance tool for OS X.
Start out by downloading OnyX. Make sure to pick the correct version for your OS – as there are different versions for Jaguar, Panther, Tiger and Leopard. The installation is very straight forward – open the .dmg file and double-click OnyX.pkg. You’ll click Next a bunch of times, enter your password, and that’s about it.
Launch OnyX from your Applications folder. Each time it opens, it will suggest that you verify the S.M.A.R.T. status of your hard disk. You don’t need to do this each time you use OnyX, but it’s a good idea to run it once in a while. Click Continue to run it.
OnyX will check the S.M.A.R.T. status. It only takes a minute or two.
Once that has completed, you’ll be prompted to verify your startup disk. Before clicking Continue, save any work you’re doing, and close all of your open apps (otherwise OnyX will close them for you, and you may lose any unsaved work).
If by chance you get a prompt asking you to select DockVol, click Cancel. I honestly have no idea why this sometimes pops up – no amount of research would tell me why. If you happen to know, please leave a comment at the bottom of this post.
OnyX will now check your startup volume. This can take several minutes, and as you were warned, things might become unresponsive and the spinning pinwheel will almost certainly make an appearance. This is totally normal, just give it time to finish.
Assuming all is well, you’ll be notified telling you as much. If there’s a problem, you’ll be told what it is, and what steps to take to resolve that problem. Click OK.
Right away you’ll be asked for your password. Enter it and click OK again.
The main OnyX window will launch, and so will an Important Information screen. Review the info in the Important Information window – it’s quite important. If you insist on ignoring it, at the very, very least, make sure you have an up to date backup of your Mac. Though OnyX is very stable and widely trusted, you never know what might go wrong. In the unlikely event that something does, a backup is vital. Once you’ve reviewed all the tips, close the Important Information window.
Select the Verify button from the top toolbar. The first tab, S.M.A.R.T. Status should show that you’ve just ran a check, so there’s no need to run it again.
Now select the Maintenance button from the top toolbar. The first tab, Permissions, will scan your drive for all file permissions, and repair them when needed. Note:I’m going to walk through each scan and cleaning separately, but by jumping all the way down to step #33 below, you can run them all at once, which is faster because you won’t need to reboot each time.If you want to continue with repairing the file permissions, click the Execute button in the bottom right corner of the window.
Once it has completed, you’ll be provided with a summary window of all the incorrect file permissions that OnyX repaired.
Select the Scripts tab. This section will list the daily, weekly and monthly Scripps that OS X runs, and the last time they were executed. If there seems to be a delay (the daily script hasn’t run in a few days, the weekly script hasn’t run in the last week etc) – select the one(s) that are outdated, and click the Execute button.
Now select the Rebuild tab. From here you can reset/rebuild a number of OS X features, including the Spotlight index, Sidebar of Finder, the Help Viewer menu etc. Unless you’re experiencing problems after you finish running the rest of the OnyX utilities, you may want to skip rebuilding these services.
Click the Cleaning button from the top toolbar. The first tab is System. From here you can clear a number of the system caches, which can (though won’t always) increase your overall system speed. Generally I would advice to leave the default options checked (or to put another way, leave the default unchecked items, unchecked). Click Executeto clear the caches.Again, this will just clear System caches, and once completed you’ll need to reboot. If you want to clear all the caches (System, User, Internet etc) at once, skip down to step #33 below.
OnyX will now clear the System caches.
And now you’ll be prompted to reboot. You may be tempted to continue using OnyX and reboot later, but it’s a very good idea to play it safe, and reboot now. Click Restart.
When your Mac starts again, re-launch OnyX. You’ll be prompted to run the S.M.A.R.T. and startup volume checks again. Cancel them. You’ll also be prompted to enter your password again, which you should do.Again click the Cleaning button from the top toolbar, but this time select the User tab. From here you can clear the User caches. Click Execute to do so.
And the user caches will be cleared.
Again you’ll be notified that the process has completed, and again you’ll be prompted to reboot. Do so.
Once you’ve restarted and OnyX is running again, click the Cleaning button, and this time select the Internet tab. From here you can clear your Internet cache files. You can also do this from directly within Safari, so I’ll be skipping this one.
Select the Fonts tab. There’s some debate as to how helpful, or how much of a “speed increase” you’ll get by clearing the System and user font cache. This is a step that I would recommend taking only after you’ve used the rest of the OnyX utilities, similar to Rebuilding services (back in step #16). If after running the rest of the OnyX utilities you still have problems with your Mac, then try clearing the Font cache(s), and Rebuilding services.
Click the Utilities button from the top toolbar. The first tab, Manuals, allows you to rebuild the Manual files included with bash or whatever shell you may be using (probably bash). You can also print them as PDF files, which can be very helpful if you frequently use a command that has a lot of syntax options.
Select the Find tab. From here you can rebuild the database used by locate (found by default in /var/db//ocate.database). Again, this database is pretty unlikely to be causing any problems on your Mac, so you may want to leave it be.
Click the Automation button from the toolbar. From here you can run a slew of the features that were covered in the above steps – but all at once. If you run a bunch of them from here, it can take quite a while to complete, so be patient. And the Font Cache is selected by default – you may want to unselect it (see #27 above for the reason).
Finally, select the Parameters button from the top toolbar. This section doesn’t include any system maintenance features, but does offer quite a few OS X “tweaks”. Explore each tab and see if there are any settings that you’d like to change.